In the United States, approximately 70% of everyday waste is recyclable. Of this 70%, Americans only recycle about 30%. This means that more than half of the waste that could be recycled in one way or another is instead ending up in landfills across the country. Landfills are quickly becoming overfilled with waste that cannot simply disintegrate in the landfill within our lifetimes. One plastic water bottle, for instance, takes around 450 years to disintegrate. With such extended times for disintegration to take place, there is no room for further waste. When landfills become overcrowded and filled with items that are potentially hazardous, they begin to produce a harmful gas that seeps into the air and the ground. Recycling paper, plastic, and glass can save mass amounts of harmful products from making their way to landfills. Not only does recycling eliminate excess waste in landfills, but it also saves trees and energy that are used to create plastic and glass. On top of those benefits, recycling and environmentally friendly practices, such as composting and re-using products, can save a lot of money for an average household.
Traditional types of recycling are the most common. Items are separated by material, labels are removed, and the products are sorted by material type into bins. When the bins are full, they are picked up by a recycling company and then taken to a facility where they can be recycled into new products. Paper, plastic, and glass are all materials that fall into traditional recycling methods.
Recycling paper products is a very direct way of helping the environment. When paper products are recycled, it prevents a huge amount of trees from being cut down and turned into new products. Most people assume that only newspapers and actual pieces of paper can be recycled in the paper category, but a lot of people often fail to realize that this category consists of much more. Egg cartons, coffee filters, masking tape, and even some bandages, for example, can all be recycled into new paper products. There are many resources that further detail which paper products can be recycled through the process of grinding and binding of the fibers of paper.
The plastic category of recycling can be difficult to understand, as most plastic products contain recycling numbers and codes. These codes identify the type of plastic that was used to create the product, which simplifies the process for those who sort plastic in recycling facilities. It also helps ensure that when the plastic material is melted down and turned into pellets for further use, it will end up in the correct manufacturing plant, where it can be used in the correct manner. Plastic water bottles, garbage bags, disposable diapers, and plastic plates and cups are among the most commonly recycled plastic products.
Glass products can be recycled as well, but not all recycling facilities accept glass due to the nature in which it must be handled and recycled. Those places that do accept glass for recycling generally accept baby food jars, glass beverage bottles, and even products that contain colored glass. Glass is unique in that it can be recycled endlessly without losing any quality or clarity. Colored glass can also be recycled endlessly into new colored glass products or even colored sand. The process is fairly simple for those facilities that have proper equipment, and a recycled glass product can go from the recycling facility to being back on a shelf in a store in less than one month.
Creative purposes for recycling are not only good for the environment but for a budget as well. Recycling does not always mean that a new purpose is found for a product or that it is turned into something else. Clothing, for instance, can simply be donated and used by someone else. "Freecycling" is a form of recycling just about anything by giving it to someone else who has a purpose for it. For instance, a vacuum that still works but is no longer needed in a household can be given to someone without a vacuum cleaner, and that is also a form of recycling. Using recycled materials for artwork is also a great way to recycle. This practice is very common in elementary schools, as children create quite a bit of artwork. Creating a picture out of torn-up and glued newspaper pieces, for example, is a creative way to extend the life of a newspaper beyond its original use. Finding creative uses for items that can or cannot be recycled into new products is a great way to eliminate the amount of waste that makes its way to the landfill.
Whether clothing has been outgrown due to size or simply has gone out of fashion, there is a way to put any type of fabric to use again. Donating clothes to those who are less fortunate is a great way to get rid of old clothing that also helps another person. If the clothing is ripped or torn and is unwearable, it can be transformed into a new blanket or even a pillowcase. The possibilities with recycled clothing and fabric materials are endless with a little creativity.
Freecycling is a way of life for those who are worried about the condition of the environment as well as those who are looking to save money. Freecycling is the practice of giving away old items to people who can find new uses for them. It is essentially the old concept of "one man's trash is another man's treasure." There are large communities of people that freecycle across the country. People who need items get them for free, saving a large amount of money over time, and the people who are giving them away quickly remove clutter in their homes without adding to landfills. This practice is beneficial for everyone involved and the environment.
The practice of making art from recycled items is popular in the art community as well as in schools. Artists often participate in community-sponsored recycled art contests that can provide everyone with an equal opportunity, as they are spared the cost of materials and art supplies. In schools, especially early elementary classes, schools save money by asking for recycled donations. Cardboard paper towel and toilet paper rolls, along with newspapers and plastic buttons, are frequently reconstructed in elementary school art classes into new masterpieces. Reusing these items saves the cost of using more expensive materials and also keeps these items that would otherwise be thrown away from cluttering up trash facilities.
Composting is the act of piling natural waste products together and letting them decompose in a pile. When the waste products decompose, all of the nutrients from the waste are essentially given back to the soil. This creates a very rich soil that can be used for use in home gardens or even on farms. The use of composted soil saves people the cost of getting rid of wasted food products as well as the cost of expensive soil enhancers and pesticides.
Worm composting is essentially the same practice as regular composting, only it involves the use of earth worms. The use of live worms aids in the decomposition process, which is ideal for those with small yards or a large amount of food waste. The worms eat the food waste, and as it passes through their bodies, it is turned into a form of compost called vermicompost. The composting process moves along much more quickly with the use of worms, and the compost can be used in the same soil-enriching way as regular compost.