8 Landscape Design Styles

By HomeAdvisor

Updated November 29, 2016

Landscape Design Ideas

The best landscape designs are the ones that have been carefully thought out with attention paid to the details. Before planning a landscape it is important to decide what style would best fit your home and lifestyle.

One of the most important things in landscape design is to work with what you have. For example, if you really want a formal English garden, yet your yard conditions don’t support this, it will never come out right. But, if you live in an arid climate, you should consider incorporating drought-resistant plants and xeriscaping elements into your landscape design.

When choosing a landscape or garden style, there are a few factors you should consider:

  • What kind of conditions exist in your yard? Is the area very sunny or mostly shady?
  • What kind of activities do you plan to use your yard for?
  • Who will be using the yard? Do you have children or pets you should consider?
  • Do you need a low-maintenance landscape or do you enjoy spending a lot of time caring for your yard?
  • Which landscape style would best complement your home?
  • Which landscape style best reflects your lifestyle?

There are numerous traditional landscaping and garden styles which you can model your own after. Or you can be creative and incorporate elements from different styles to create a look of your own design.

1. English Garden Style.

The English Garden Style utilizes many shrubs and perennials in a design that complements the architectural style of your home. Other decorative elements might include an arbor or bird bath.

2. Oriental Landscape.

The Oriental Style uses water, rocks and evergreens with a variety of plants to create distinctive perspectives. You might also consider adding a traditional Japanese Zen garden.

3. Woodland Landscape.

Reflecting the natural way that fauna grows in a wooded area, the Woodland Style has a less manicured appearance than many of the other garden styles. This would be a good choice if you do not wish to spend a lot of time on maintenance.

4. Formal Landscape.

The Formal Style follows symmetrical patterns, straight lines and precise geometric shapes with orderly, well-pruned plants. You will often find topiary design in these landscapes. This landscaping style requires a lot of maintenance.

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5. Informal Landscape.

The Informal Style uses plant beds with curved edges. Plants are arranged in seemingly random patterns. This would be a good choice if you have children that will be playing in the area.

6. Butterfly Gardens.

Dozens of butterfly or bird species common to your area make a welcome addition to many gardens. Certain species of plants provide a food source and are useful for attracting these flying friends. Create areas that are open yet protected from the wind.

7. Xeriscape Gardens.

As much as 50 percent of household water is used for the yard or garden. This landscape specialty includes lots of low-water plants and flowers, as well as design ideas to reduce water evaporation.

8. Organic Gardens.

As more people learn about the harmful effects of many chemicals, growing plants organically has become more popular. That means rather than chemical fertilizers or sprays, practicing natural methods of pest control and fertilization.

Remember, you will spend a lot more time in your yard if you have a landscape design that you are happy with. And, if you have a yard you can enjoy on a regular basis, it’s like gaining a room in your home.

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