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How Much Do Asphalt Shingles & Roofs Cost To Install Or Replace?

National Average
$3,700
Low End
$1,700
High End
$8,400

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Asphalt shingles (also called composition roofs) are a relatively inexpensive roofing solution compared with other options. The cost of installation can range anywhere from $2,000 - $10,000 with an average of about $3,700.
In addition to the low cost, they are easy to install and durable. Asphalt shingles should last from 15 to 30 years, with homes in warm areas needing roofing replacement sooner than homes in cooler climates. They are available in two varieties — fiberglass and organic — and are manufactured in two different types: three-tab shingles and architectural shingles.

Pricing Asphalt Shingles

The average cost to install an asphalt shingle roof is anywhere between $2,000 and $10,000 depending on the slope, pitch, and size of your roof. The material cost factors into that price, and as such, shingle prices vary depending on your location and the specific product. Below are some major brands and types with their average prices per square foot, as well as some of the benefits of each shingle. Asphalt shingle roofs are becoming more popular because of their ability to be customized and resistance to weather, so it’s important to choose a type which works for you.

Owens Corning

  • Three-Tab Asphalt Shingles: $1 to $2 per square foot — Owens Corning shingles are available at Lowe’s and sell for an average price of $21.23 to $35.53 per bundle. The shingles are available for the same price in a wide variety of colors, ranging from standard grey, black, and tan to more unique colors such as Spanish red and green.

IKO

  • IKO Asphalt Roofing Shingles: $2 to $4 per sq. ft. – These shingles were designed to be environmentally resistant and have increased protection against wind, algae growth, and impacts from hail. They can also help homeowners reduce their carbon footprint because they do not absorb heat like some other brands.

GAF

  • Lifetime Timberline Shingles: $1 to $2 per sq. ft. — This high performing shingle received a Class A fire rating. They are installed with Dura Grip to ensure shingles don’t fall off when exposed to high winds. Colors vary by location and include charcoal and slate greys, hickory brown and a darker “weathered wood” brown.
  • 25-Year Royal Sovereign: $1 to $2 per sq. ft.— These shingles look like they cost a lot of money but are an economical option for homebuyers. They are designed with both aesthetic appeal and safety in mind and can withstand winds up to 150 miles per hour.
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What’s Involved in Installing an Asphalt Shingle Roof?

Due to slope, a roof generally takes up more square footage than the house it sits on, meaning you’ll need materials to cover more square footage than your house. For instance, an average size house is 1,500 square feet, but the roof could be up to 3,000 square feet. It’s typical to add on an additional 10% for waste on a simple roof project and up to 15% for a more complex and complicated installation job.
Building materials are generally sold by the “square,” and each square covers 100 feet. During installation for asphalt shingle roofing, a base is laid down first. The shingles are then nailed, tarred or locked into place so they overlap each other. You will need to adjust your asphalt shingle installation based on your climate, and of particular concern are areas in high-wind regions or on the coast. The Federal Emergency Management Agency provides tips for installing asphalt shingle roofing in these locations that require extra attention.

Extra Installation Cost Considerations

Removal/Disposal of Old Roof

One benefit of asphalt shingles is that they can be placed directly on top of your old shingles provided the roof deck is in good condition. If the roof deck is in bad shape, you have two or more shingle layers, or if your current roof is shake-shingled, all the old materials and roofing will need to be removed and disposed of before you can begin laying the new asphalt shingles.
Ask your installer to include this step in the estimate so that you aren’t surprised by the added cost later on. This step can add on between $3 and $5 for a square foot or $510 to $1,110 for a standard ranch-style home. Costs can increase depending on location and the difficulty of the removal process.

Roof Rafters or Trusses

Roof rafters or trusses need to be able to support the roof, and if these are damaged or rotted, you must install new ones. You might also need to have these reinforced if your new roofing materials are heavier than the old ones. Expect to pay anywhere from $1,000 to $10,000 for this step if your rafters or trusses are damaged or in need of reinforcement, depending on the specific situation.

Different Styles

It isn’t always easy to tell which roofs are composed of asphalt shingles because there are so many styles available. Asphalt shingles can mimic the look of different materials, such as slate, wood shakes or tile, and they come in a wide variety of colors — often shades of brown, gray, blue and green. You can even customize your asphalt shingles to look weathered so that a new roof can still meet the aesthetic needs of a vintage-style house.
If you’re budget-conscious and don’t have a particular preference for a certain roofing style, then the standard gray asphalt shingles in a three-tab rectangle are probably your best bet since they’re usually the least expensive option. Not surprisingly, premium colors and styles of asphalt shingles come at a premium price.

Algae and Fungus

Because algae and fungus growth can potentially damage a roof in damp or subtropical areas, you might want to consider algae-resistant shingles if you live in a location with high humidity or precipitation. Some of these shingles are coated with leachable copper to prevent discoloration and long-term damage from algae and moss growth. While they may be necessary for your particular roof, know ahead of time that algae-resistance could add 10 to 15% to your materials budget.

Weight

Your shingles' thickness affects their overall price. In general, thicker shingles last longer, meaning they’ll cost you more up front. This may result in an overall cost savings, though, if you can put off replacing your shingles for a few extra years by purchasing thicker shingles now.

Steep Pitch

A house with a steep pitch increases the physical risk for anyone installing asphalt shingles on the roof, so the installation process for asphalt shingles on a roof with a steep pitch adds additional costs in the form of labor, staging and safety precautions. In addition to safety risks, roofs with steep pitches may require additional underlayment to earn a Class A fire rating, which will add costs to the overall project.
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DIY Asphalt Shingle Installation Cost

Because of the relative ease and accessibility of asphalt shingles, many homeowners choose to install them by themselves instead of hiring a professional. This option, while possibly more cost-effective, poses certain hazards, risks, and hidden costs.
  1. Materials: In addition to purchasing the shingle squares, you will need roofing felt, which averages $22 per roll. Attaching all of the materials requires a roofing nail gun using a standard roll of 1 1/4" galvanized nails at $65 each. You will also need roofing cement, which costs approximately $25 per gallon. Roofing contractors generally roll these costs into their estimate and ask around $5 per square foot of work for an average roof.
  2. Risks: The first risk is safety. A professional will be trained and come equipped with any necessary harnesses or other materials to perform the job. Another risk of jumping into a DIY job for your asphalt shingles is that many DIY-installed shingles might not be covered under a warranty. Even if they are, the manufacturer can nullify the warranty if they deem that the shingles were installed improperly.
  3. Comparison: To purchase materials and do the manual labor yourself, you should expect to spend between $740 and $4,000 for a typical one-story ranch-style home with a 1,700 to 2,100 square-foot, gently-sloping roof. In contrast, for the same roof you should expect to pay $2,000 to $8,900 to hire a roofing company to do the installation for you. The extra cost of having a professional install your roof for you might pay off in the long run, however, because you will know the job was done properly and your warranty will remain intact.

Benefits and Advantages of Asphalt Shingles

Asphalt shingles are often the most economical. Compare the estimated prices of professional installation for different roofing materials for the same standard size and sloped roof (a one-story ranch-style house with a gently sloping roof of 1,700 to 2,100 square feet). All of the prices below include the cost of materials with the professional installation.
  • Asphalt Shingle Roof: $5,100-$10,500
  • Steel Roof: $9,350-$25,200
  • Wood Shingled Roof: $10,000-$16,250
  • Concrete Tile Roof: $6,545-$12,400
  • Wood Shake Roof: $10,000-$20,000
  • Aluminum Roof: $6,500-$13,000
  • Ceramic Tile Roof: $18,000-$26,000
  • Synthetic Slate Roof: $15,300-$23,100
  • Natural Slate Roof: $17,000-$84,000
  • Copper Roof: $22,500-$52,000

Durability

Depending on where you live, you can expect your asphalt shingle roof to last anywhere from 15 to 30 years. If you live somewhere with consistently spiking temperatures (think 50-degree nights and 100-degree days), you will lean closer to the 15-year end. If you live somewhere more temperate or cooler, though, you should expect your roof to last closer to 30 years, though you may need to perform more frequent repairs if you live somewhere that sees a lot of cold, ice, and snow.

Ease of Installation

Of all the shingle materials, asphalt shingles are easiest to install. They can simply be placed on top of existing shingles provided your roof deck is still in good condition. Whether you’re tackling the task DIY style or having a professional do the work for you, the installation process for a standard roof that doesn’t require removal or maintenance will be relatively short.
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Disadvantages of Asphalt Shingle Roofs

While asphalt shingles are a good value, durable and easy to install, they aren’t necessarily the best choice for all consumers. Here are a few disadvantages to consider before you decide if asphalt shingles are the best choice for your roof:
  • You get what you pay for: If your home is in a location that sees extreme temperature changes and/or extreme heat, your asphalt shingles are more likely to crack and lose their color. Also, extreme wind conditions can cause uplift on asphalt shingles. Point being, you will pay less for your shingles up front but may end up paying later on for maintenance, repair and/or early replacement.
  • Definitely not “green”: If you’re looking to reduce your carbon footprint, you’ll want to reconsider installing asphalt shingles. These shingles are definitely not environmentally friendly as they are petroleum-based and require a lot of energy to manufacture. When they are removed, they are not easily recyclable and often end up in landfills, emitting methane gas as they slowly decompose.

Types of Asphalt Shingles

Fiberglass shingles

These shingles were developed in the 1980s and quickly became the roofing material of choice for most homeowners and contractors. Made of a woven fiberglass base mat covered with a waterproof asphalt coating and topped with ceramic granules that shield the product from harmful UV rays, fiberglass shingles are known for their durability and strength even though they are lightweight and thin. This is because they need less asphalt due to the composition of the fiberglass mat. In contrast to organic shingles, fiberglass shingles in general come with a higher fire rating and a longer warranty.

Organic shingles

Traditional organic mat-based shingles are made from a recycled layer of felt paper, which is asphalt-saturated for waterproofing and coated with adhesive asphalt into which the ceramic granules are embedded. In contrast to fiberglass shingles, organic shingles have 40 percent more asphalt in their make-up, meaning they are heavier, thicker and more expensive than their counterpart.
While organic shingles are generally considered to be more rugged and flexible, they are also more absorbent and can warp over time. Also, their additional asphalt content makes them less environmentally friendly than fiberglass shingles.
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Three-Tab vs. Architectural

Both fiberglass and organic shingles are similar in their manufacturing:
  • Three-Tab Shingles are distinguished by cutouts — tabs — made along their long lower edge, giving the effect of being three separate pieces upon installation for every one square. These shingles have been around for a long time and are still the most economical and most popular shingle today.
  • Architectural asphalt shingles: In contrast to three-tab shingles, architectural shingles don’t have any cut-outs. Instead, their lower portions are laminated with an additional asphalt layer, which creates the contoured and dimensional look that gives them their name. Asphalt sealant bonds the layers, reinforcing the shingles’ waterproof capability. Though they are durable, these shingles are not recommended for low-sloping roofs, which are more vulnerable to wind-driven rain.
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