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How Much Does It Cost To Build A Wall?

Typical Range: $939 - $2,689

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Costs to Build a Wall

Installing a new wall will run an average of $1,786 with a typical range of $939 and $2,689. Due to the complexities of some homes, the cost can reach as high as $8,000. Installing walls seems easy to do but is ultimately a long, messy affair typically involving framing, electrical work and drywall.
Though there are several types of walls including glass, brick, and temporary partitions, most projects involve wood or metal stud framing with drywall (gypsum board). This project isn’t usually a DIY job. For professional results, hire a carpenter to ensure correct installation and a beautiful finish.

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National Average
Typical Range
$939 - $2,689
Low End - High End
$350 - $6,600

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Cost data is based on actual project costs as reported by 11,998 HomeAdvisor members in .

Costs to Frame an Interior Wall Per Linear Foot

Framing costs $7 to $16 per square foot to install top and bottom plates with studs. When including drywall, you’ll spend $20 to $30 per linear foot. Framing costs change slightly for load bearing walls, with the type of material used, and for door and window openings.

Framing a Load Bearing Wall

Framing load bearing walls can cost slightly more than non-load bearing ones because of stud spacing requirements – load bearing walls need more studs throughout. External walls need additional studs at the corners, plus insulation.
Walls supporting an entire floor plus a roof and ceiling made from 2x4’s requires spacing of 16 inches on center rather than 24 inches on center thus increasing material costs by 30%. Loads over windows, doors and pass throughs require a beam for support, further increasing costs. Most require minor electrical work to meet code requirements of switch and outlet spacing.

Wood vs. Metal Framing

Wood prices have recently risen to meet metal framing costs at $2 to $4 per square foot. Wood sits at $1 to $5 per square foot. Wood is easier to work with and a better choice for those seeking a DIY solution. However, metal is quickly gaining popularity due to it’s durability.

Walls with a Door, Window or Pass Through

Framing for a window or door opening costs $120 to $200 per opening. You’ll need king and jack studs plus saddle (or sill) pieces – all in addition to the standard studs. For the doors and windows, expect to spend $50 to $500 in materials alone. A multiple window installation costs an average of $5,000.
Hire a contractor to install a wall in your home
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Average Prices by Material to Put Up New Walls

Gypsum Board (commonly known by the trademarked name Drywall) makes up most walls. Other wall materials range from plaster, glass, brick, stone and concrete.
Wall Costs by Material Type
MaterialPer Square Foot

Stud Wall with Plaster & Lath Installation

Plaster installation prices range from $3 to $5 per square foot though it can be as high as $10 per square foot in some areas. Though Drywall is by far the most common type of wall, plaster is handy for both curved interior walls and for decorative touches.


Prices for hanging drywall run $1.15 to $2.00 per square foot of drywall. Gypsum board installation runs $40 to $60 per panel. A typical panel is 4 feet by 8 feet or 32 square feet. Interior walls framed with drywall run $20 to $30 per linear foot though actual costs will vary by region. Other material costs include the following.
  • Special screws - $25 per 1,000
  • Joint compound or "mud" - $6 per 3.5 quart pail
  • Joint tape - $5 for 500 feet.
Pricing remains about the same regardless of framing material or pass throughs.
Drywall is the most common type of wall. Ensuring you get enough to cover all of your walls and possibly ceilings will be a bulk of the price to install. Drywall is heavy – installation usually requires at least two workers.

Glass Walls

You can expect to pay anywhere from $25 to $75 per square foot for a tempered glass wall installation. Adding a glass door adds another $1,000 to $3,000 or more. Labor rates run anywhere from $35 to $150 per hour. Prices vary wildly between one location and another.
For smaller walls or to fill openings in bathrooms, glass blocks are a more economical solution. Glass blocks cost an average of $750. Always get at least three quotes before choosing an installation contractor.

Brick, Stone & Concrete Walls

Brick and stone costs run an average of $4,400 for both solid and veneers. Poured concrete walls cost an average of $5,000.
Interior Wall Installation Costs by Material
MaterialPer Square Foot
Brick Veneer$10
Stone Veneer$11-$15
Concrete$3-$7 (+$1 for exposed finishes
like polishing & stamped)

Wood or Upholstery Paneling

Wood, vinyl and upholstery paneling are cost-effective ways to personalize the design of your home.
  • Wood paneling - $7 to $35 per square foot.
  • Wood Flooring and Siding styles like tongue and groove and shiplap siding cost between $2.50 to $7 per square foot and are quickly becoming a popular way to create accent and feature walls.
  • Vinyl panels - $20 a 4-foot by 8-foot sheet. They’re cheap and easy to clean making them great finishes for basements, laundry rooms and garages.
Consult with a pro to plan your wall installation
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Average Cost to Add a Partition Wall to Divide a Room

Skyfold, Accordion, Panel & Other Temporary, Commercial Office Walls

Offices, event centers, conference rooms, hotels and most other large commercial venues make use of moveable and retractable walls. There are many brand options to choose from for premade and temporary walls. Speak with your local contractor for the best option for your project
  • Skyfold – $ varies – Fully automated accordion style walls that fold into the ceiling. Skyfold walls are custom designed for each application with numerous features and designs. Contact a professional contractor for rates for your project.
  • Everblock Systems - $4 per block with a 26 pack for $150 - are very similar to large Lego blocks for use in both commercial and residential settings.
  • Loftwall - $35 to $50+ per square foot. Offering modular and moveable walls for professional and home use. They offer standalone and fastened options in metal, melamine and acrylic.
  • Custom Built – $400 to $3,500 – Besides premade walls, temporary walls can always be created with a simple 2x4 or 2x2 frame and some type of paneling. A DIY job can run as little as $150 for supplies.

Half Walls

Half wall pricing depends on the type of materials used. Since most are drywall finished, you’ll spend about $10 to $20 per linear foot. They extend only part of the way from the floor to ceiling, creating a visible boundary without impeding light or air flow.
Most interior half walls have some type of finished top ledges – usually finished wood or a railing. In large, open spaces, you’ll often find them between two support pillars dividing the space without losing any of the visual appeal of an open concept.
Types of Half Walls:
  • Half walls are used along stairs, in bathrooms, and in open concepts to distinguish between the kitchen, dining and living areas.
  • Pony walls are non-load bearing. They are generally 3 feet tall.
  • Stem walls are usually referred to as short, concrete wall that connects the concrete footings of a home to either the floor joists or the concrete slab.
  • Cripple Wall – sometimes referred to as a sleeper wall, it is a short, load-bearing wall found in slab construction.
  • Attic Knee Wall – any wall in the attic running from the floor to the roof rafters. These walls are usually under three feet tall and are finished to create useable attic space.
  • Retaining or Sleeper Wall – Sleeper walls in the US are generally considered a cripple wall.

Building Exterior vs. In-House Walls

Though framing costs are almost identical for both interior and exterior walls, all other aspects of finishing them is different. Exterior load-bearing walls use house wrap and insulation and usually include windows, doors and some type of siding.
Exterior vs. Interior Wall Costs and Considerations
TypeInterior/ExteriorAdditional Cost
Load Bearing (requires
extra studs & bracing)
Both+$1 to $2 per square foot
House WrapExterior+$0.50 to $1 per square foot
InsulationExterior+$0.50 to $1.50 per square foot
Wood & Vinyl SidingExterior+$2 to $10 per square foot
Stone & Brick SidingExterior+$6 to $30 per square foot
WindowsExterior+$1,000 to $5,000 per project
DoorsBoth+$1,000 per door
DrywallInterior Only+$1 to $2 per side

Construction Cost Considerations

Beyond straightforward labor and materials, other considerations like wall finishes, size of the project and electrical and plumbing installation can all affect price.

Paneling and Texturing

Texturing is fast fading out of style but it’s still a quick and cheap way to finish a wall. 500 square feet will run about $550, or just over $1 per square foot. You also have the option to install paneling at $5 to $25 per square foot. Choose vinyl or wood paneling depending on your homes aesthetics.


Bids are determined based on the size of the project. Bigger spaces mean more materials and longer work time for professionals, all of which can increase the price to install a wall.

Electrical & Plumbing Considerations

Electrical work costs about $300 for the project or somewhere between $50 to $100 per hour with the first hour slightly higher at $150. Outlet and switch spacing, and placement are governed by building code. Most walls will need some minor electrical work included.
If you’re installing walls for a new kitchen or bath, you’ll need to hire a plumber. Plumbing rough -in costs run between $350 to $1,750. Most small projects will fall on the lower end of that range.

Red Tape

The National Association of Home Builders attributes an estimated 25% of new home construction costs to complex regulator policies. Part of those costs include building permits averaging $1,000 per new home build. For simple interior walls, you can expect to pay closer to $100 to $300 in permits depending on your location. These prices vary greatly from state to state. Despite location, permits are required for almost all stages of construction, even if you need to knock down the old walls first.


Installation pricing almost always includes cleanup. Wall installation is a messy job and something that your pro should clean up before leaving. It’s smart to double check that your contractor includes cleanup in the bid.
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How Much Does It Cost to Put an Arch in a Wall?

A wall arch costs between $1,000 and $5,000 depending on the arch size and whether it is purely aesthetic or load bearing. For very large projects, budgets will run considerably higher.

What are the Best Dividing Walls for Basements or Garages?

The best dividing walls depend on your use. If you want a permanent wall, spend the $20 to $25 per linear foot for a stud and drywall-finished look. It will be slightly less than a finished interior wall with only one side of the wall covered in gypsum board and only two layers of tape and mud applied.
For permanent walls between garages and homes, code requires the use of a fire wall – usually ½-inch or 5/8-inch fire rated gypsum board. You’ll spend about 20% more on for this type of wall cover. Sheetrock makes Firecode Core and Fireguard – both rated with differing thicknesses.

What are the Costs and Factors for Building a Demising or Party Wall?

Demising walls, also known as a party or common wall, cost as much as any other interior wall or about $20 to $30 per linear foot. A demising wall separates tenant spaces from shared areas. They are typically found in commercial spaces like a shopping mall.

How Much Does It Cost to Remove & Replace or Move a Wall?

The cost to remove a wall falls anywhere from $1,000 to $10,000 or more depending on the size of the wall and whether it was load bearing. Removing or moving load bearing walls is labor intensive and requires shifting the load to another support during construction.
Hire a Wall Installation Contractor
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DIY vs. Hiring a Contractor

It’s almost always a good idea to hire a contractor for building walls of any type. Though it may seem a straightforward job, you need to consider all code requirements, permitting, electrical and plumbing installation, load bearing needs, and finish work. Without that consideration, constructing one could diminish the value of your home.
Improperly installed walls are possible structural issues causing massive and costly damage to your entire home. Fire and flood hazards from improperly installed plumbing and electrical work pose serious safety concerns and lead to thousands in damage.
Before starting any building project, get a professional consultation – they’re usually free opportunities to understand all the requirements for your project and weigh contractor costs against DIY ambitions.
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