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How Much Does It Cost To Build A Wheelchair Ramp?

National Average Change Location | View National
$1,802
Typical Range
$884 - $2,720
Low End
$350
High End
$4,500

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A professionally-built wheelchair ramp will cost between $884 and $2,720, with an average of $1,802. Depending on the materials chosen for the structure and the price of labor, expect to pay between $100 and $250 per linear foot. A standard unit is 30 feet long, 30 inches wide, and 30 inches high.

Wheelchair ramps offer wheelchair users freedom, but only if constructed properly. Some are difficult to use or even dangerous, so it’s important to hire a professional who is experienced and familiar with the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) guidelines. Here are some factors which will affect the construction cost for your structure that need to be taken into consideration.

On This Page

  1. Ramp Prices Per Linear Foot
    1. Concrete
    2. Wood
    3. Aluminum
    4. Steel/Metal
    5. Prefab Aluminum
  2. Average Costs to Build
    1. Plans/Design
  3. Factors
    1. Slope
    2. Weight
    3. Landings
    4. Handrails
    5. Grit Strips/Tape
    6. Permits
  4. Portable/Mini/Mobile Ramps
  5. Insurance
  6. Commercial Building Ramps
  7. Ramp Rentals
  8. DIY Building & Installation
    1. Modular Ramps & Kits
  9. Working with a Pro

Handicap Ramp Prices Per Linear Foot

Disability ramps can be made of a variety of materials, each with pros and cons. The material you select will be the biggest cost factor.

Home Wheelchair Ramp Material Comparison
MaterialPer Linear Ft.ProsCons
Concrete$200-$250Rough, textured. Ideal for permanent rampsExpensive. Difficult to remove
Wood$100-$250Affordable. Available at any home improvement store. Easy to install.Requires weather protection and slip prevention
AluminumAbout $150Lightweight and corrosion resistant. Textured finish prevents sliding in rain or snow. Can bend or wobble
Steel/Metal$200-$250Stronger than aluminum Can rust or corrode. Requires slip prevention
Prefabricated AluminumAbout $100Can be self-assembledLead time up to 2 weeks.

Concrete - $200 - $250

Concrete with a rough textured surface is the ideal material for a permanent wheelchair ramp, though very expensive to pour and install.

Wood - $100 - $250

This popular material needs to be maintained to prevent warping and rot. Otherwise, the ramp may become difficult or even unsafe to use over time. Wood can be slippery when wet, so it must be finished with a material (such as sand grit strips) that will allow access in rainy weather.

Aluminum - $150

Aluminum is an excellent material because it is resistant to corrosion, strong, and lightweight. Typically, it also bears a grooved surface that maintains traction even in rainy or snowy conditions. But it is expensive, and lightweight aluminum may be flexible and bend or wobble. It must have a textured finish or have an additive material that will grip tires well.

Steel/Metal - $200 - $250

This material is heavier than aluminum, but the material is also less flexible, more secure, and less expensive. However, unprotected steel can rust or corrode, so galvanized steel is recommended. A textured surface is important to prevent slippage.

Prefabricated Aluminum - $100

Prefabricated aluminum sections can save you money by allowing you to assemble the sections yourself, but they usually have an extended lead time (the time it takes to manufacture and ship them).

Consult with a Pro When Purchasing Ramp Materials
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Average Costs to Build

The average rate to build a handicap ramp ranges from $1,000 - $3,000, including labor, depending on location, material choice, and difficulty of the project. In bigger cities, expect to pay double for labor and an additional 10% - 20% for materials. More expensive materials, difficult building conditions, or taller than average stair heights could increase the total project cost to between $4,000 and $6,000.

While all costs will be included in a professional estimate, labor prices will vary from contractor to contractor. For a wooden version, work will be done by a carpenter or handyman at a rate of about $70 per hour. For a concrete unit, you’ll hire a mason or handyman at $60 - $90 per hour. No matter which option you choose, your contractor should be licensed, familiar with ADA regulations, and experienced in building these structures.

Plans/Designs

When planning and designing, ADA guidelines must be followed to ensure a safe, usable structure. A professional contractor or disability planner familiar with these regulations can assist in not only building but also creating the design and plans. The fee for designing and planning is sometimes included in the installation package, or there could be a separate charge for the service.

If you intend to complete the job yourself, you can get advice, referrals, help from community volunteers, and financial assistance from one of the many non-profit organizations dedicated to helping people with disabilities with their accessibility needs.

Price Factors

In addition to the cost of materials and labor, there are other factors that may impact how much you spend overall.

Calculating Slope

Slope is the most critical safety concern when designing a ramp. One that is steep will be difficult to climb, and can be very dangerous because of the risk of tipping backwards. Also, think about utilizing it in poor weather such as rain or snow — the lower the slope, the easier it will be to use and the safer the user will feel.

For a permanent fixture, it is usually best to use the lowest slope possible, no more than 1 inch of rise per 1 foot of length. To estimate the length needed, measure the height in inches and change the inches to feet. That means a 30-inch-high ramp would need to be 30 feet long. Additional landing pads, or flat surfaces, might be necessary for long units to allow a rest. Naturally, longer models with additional landing pads will be costlier.

Weight Specifications

Some ramps are designed for manual wheelchairs, some for electric ones, and others for occupied or unoccupied chairs. Be sure to talk to your professional about how yours will be used. Too often, improper units are built because the weight specifications are not taken into consideration. The more weight that is needed to support, the more time will be needed to properly construct it. Your professional may also suggest building out of a stronger material, which could affect your cost.

Landings

Flat surfaces or level landings are necessary at the bottom and top of any wheelchair ramp to allow for opening of doors, safe stopping, and rest periods. If there is no level landing at the top, it will be nearly impossible for the user to open the door. A landing at the bottom may be important for the user to stop the wheelchair before making a turn or make the transition from ground to ramp smoother. If the length is very long, include level resting platforms in the middle so that users may take a break if they get tired.

Landings are required at the top and bottom, and segments should not rise more than 30 inches between level resting areas. Landings should always be at least as wide as the ramp itself and a minimum of 60 inches in length. Those used for directional changes should be at least 60 inches wide by 60 inches long.

Handrail Installation

Ramps that exceed certain dimensions will require handrails and guards that could increase costs. Handrail installation should be included in your pro’s hourly rate. Many DIY kits include them, but to purchase them alone, expect to pay around $300 for metal. Wooden versions will vary in price based upon the type and the amount of lumber you use and whether or not you choose to sand and stain to prevent splintering. Lumber averages about 70 cents per foot, a hand sander runs between $40 and $130, and a quart of weather-resistant stain will set you back about $20.

For models longer than 72 inches or with more than a 6-inch rise, you should install handrails on both sides for safety. The top of the handrail should be mounted between 34+ and 38 inches above surfaces and at least 1½ inches from the wall or other solid surface. Inside rails should be continuous when the direction of the ramp changes. Use a curb or crutch stop along both sides to prevent wheels from going over the edge.

Grit Strips/Tape - $15 - $35 per roll

Units built out of materials like wood and metal can become slippery when wet and may need slip prevention. For an investment of $15 - $35 per standard 2”x 60” roll, anti-slip grit tape is an easy way to provide traction. Grit tape bonds quickly and permanently to almost any surface and comes in a wide variety of sizes and colors. It can be cut to fit, or you can purchase it in pre-cut strips from online suppliers, at big box home improvement stores, or from a floor protection specialist.

Permits - $30 - $120

Check with your local building office before beginning your project to see if a permit is required. If so, expect to pay between $30 and $120. Wood and concrete versions are considered permanent modifications to a home and will require a permit. However, modular units made of steel and aluminum are considered reusable durable medical equipment (DME) and will not usually require a permit.

A professional contractor should be familiar with local government code and able to advise you on specific requirements for your area. This service may be included, or your professional may charge an additional fee. In some cases, a homeowners’ association (HOA) may also impose code requirements. The homeowner will be responsible for determining these regulations and passing them along to a contractor.

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Portable, Mobile, & Mini Ramps - $100 - $2,000

If you are looking for a less-permanent alternative, portable, mobile, and mini ramps can be purchased for between $100 and $2,000. These are commonly used in rental units and for those with temporary disabilities after injury or surgery.

Mini Ramps

These can be purchased for just over $100 and are typically 30 inches wide by 3 feet long. They are designed to allow passage over a raised threshold or between split levels up to a height of about one stair step. Most are made of aluminum to make them lightweight and easy to transport.

Portable/Mobile

These are available in lengths of 3 feet to 10 feet and cost between $100 and $2,000, depending on the type. Typically used for getting into automobiles or slightly elevated entrance-ways, this type of model cannot be used to access more than two steps of height due to the limited length. For example, a 5-foot ramp can only rise 5 inches per ADA guidelines. They can also be difficult to set up and take down without assistance for individuals with disabilities. Here are a few different model types to choose from and their associated costs:

  • Folding - $100 - $1,000 - Also called suitcase or multi-fold. One or more folds for portability.
  • Roll-Up - $300 - $1,300 - Made of aluminum. Can be rolled up for storage.
  • Track - $250 - $2,000 - Have two tracks that line up with wheelchair. Can be folded or opened to optimal length.
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Insurance

In some cases, financial assistance may be available for people with disabilities who need a permanent or modular unit.

Medicare

According to Medicare policy, disability ramps are considered durable medical equipment (DME) and are fully reimbursable if they are used for a medical purpose. However, the structure will need to be declared by a licensed physician as medically necessary, so this is rare.

Medicaid

Medicaid is a federal program administered by the states, and policies vary. In many states, Medicaid follows the same guidelines as Medicare, and will only reimburse the costs of a wheelchair ramp if it’s deemed medically necessary by a physician.

Low-income seniors and people with disabilities in some states can pursue assistance via regular Medicaid or Home and Community Based Service Waivers (HCBS Waivers). With these, ramps are considered home modifications, and are covered in full or part.

Seniors may also be qualified for the “Money Follows the Person” program, which provides financial assistance for those transitioning from a nursing home to a personal home that needs modifications. Again, this option isn’t offered everywhere, so check availability with your state.

Veteran Assistance

Veterans may qualify for the US Department of Veterans Affairs’ Cash and Counseling benefit. Qualified veterans receive a care budget to select the services and supplies they need. Any money spent outside of that budget is paid out of pocket.

Veterans may also be eligible for Home Improvement and Structural Alteration Grants (HISA Grants) from the VA. These grants are given to help make home modifications to improve accessibility. Those whose disabilities are military-service related may qualify for up to $6,800, while those with disabilities not related to time served may receive up to $2,000.

Other Assistance

State-based assistance, elder care loans, and non-profit assistance are also options. Availability varies by location.

Commercial Building Disability Ramps

Accessibility ramps are required for all commercial properties that are not naturally accessible for people with mobility impairments. Costs should be similar to those of residential installations. Funding and assistance options may be available to help cover expenses, depending on your location and the nature of your business.

Ramp Rental Costs - $100 - $275/mo.

For short-term needs, you can rent a unit for between $100 and $275 per month. Initial installation will be a one-time charge of $300 - $800. The cost of rental and installation will depend on the specific configuration needed. Typically, the longer the ramp, the higher the rates. Many rental companies will allow you to use a portion of the rental fee toward a future purchase in the event you need it permanently.

DIY Building & Installation ($35 per linear foot)

Building one yourself runs about $35 per linear foot, saving you $65 - $215 per linear foot over a professionally-installed unit. Unless you possess welding or masonry skills, you will likely want to build out of wood. You’ll need to obtain appropriate permits and ensure you follow ADA guidelines for slope and landings. On top of buying materials, you must also purchase or rent the appropriate tools, which may be costly.

Pitfalls of DIY

Installation is complicated. A poorly-designed or fabricated ramp can accumulate water, bend or break under too much weight, or fail code inspection. A professionally-built structure should hold up better over time, providing peace of mind and cost savings by preventing future ramp repairs, costing the average homeowner around $1,000.

Modular Ramps & Kits

To save money, talk to your professional about modular wheelchair ramps. These are often prefabricated and delivered disassembled so that your contractor can put them together for you. However, you need to provide accurate measurements or you may have some surprises during installation. If you decide to go this route, work with a pro to hire a reputable company that offers a return policy and a warranty.

Consult a ramp contractor today
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Working with a Pro

It is recommended that anyone considering a wheelchair ramp consult a professional contractor familiar with ADA compliance and experienced in their design and construction. While do-it-yourself options can provide cost savings, the level of expertise required to build a safe, usable structure is more than the average homeowner possesses. A professional experienced in disability renovations may also be able to help you assess the safety and accessibility of your home and determine what, if any, additional projects may be needed. Contact at least three licensed contractors to ensure you’re working with someone who is experienced in all aspects of your project, and to ensure you get the best rate.

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