How Much Do Bed Bug Exterminators Cost?

Typical Range:

$300 - $5,000

Find out how much your project will cost.

Cost data is based on research by HomeAdvisor.

Updated June 17, 2022

Written by HomeAdvisor.

The average cost to exterminate bed bugs typically ranges from $1,000 to $2,500. The level of infestation, the size of the space, and the type of treatment will all affect the price. You could pay as low as $300 for a small problem and as much as $5,000 to clear a large house of a serious infestation.

Average Bed Bug Extermination Costs

Low Cost Average Cost High Cost
$300 $1,000 – $2,500 $5,000

Bed Bug Treatment Cost Factors

There are several elements that play into your bed bug extermination bill. These include home size, location, treatment method, and more. Here are the main factors that can affect your final cost.

Home Size

Professional bed bug exterminators can charge by room, square footage, or a flat fee. Home size can significantly impact the price, particularly for bed bug heat treatment costs and other methods that require filling an entire space.

House or Apartment SizeCost Per Visit
Studio or 1-Bedroom Apartment$300 - $900
2-Bedroom or 3-Bedroom House$400 - $1,200
3-4+ Bedroom Whole House Heat Treatment$800 - $2,500

Home Location

People living in cities with more rampant infestations could pay up to three times more than people living in less-prone areas. In areas with higher demand, local companies will charge more for their services. Cost of living can also impact what companies in your area charge.

Some of the cities with high rates of these insects include:

  • New York, New York

  • Baltimore, Maryland

  • Washington, DC

  • Chicago, Illinois

  • San Francisco, San Diego

  • Los Angeles, California

  • Cincinnati, Ohio

  • Detroit, Michigan

  • Houston, Texas

  • Raleigh, North Carolina

  • Indianapolis, Indiana

  • Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Inspections or Sniffing Dogs

Some exterminators offer free inspections, especially for new customers. Others may charge around $65 to $200 for a visual inspection. If you hire that company for extermination services, they may remove the inspection fee from your treatment bill.

Aside from visual inspections, some exterminators also employ trained dogs to sniff out the rotten berry-like odor of bed bugs. The cost of this service ranges from $300 to $600 for an average-sized home. Hotels and other large buildings will run closer to $900 to $1,200. These expert-trained dogs detect infestations and often have a higher accuracy level than humans. 

Treatments

The type of bed bug treatment has a major impact on cost. Chemical and pesticide treatments are some of the most affordable and effective options, but they’re also the harshest. Heat treatment is chemical-free, but it may leave behind surviving eggs and insects, resulting in the need for additional treatments.

Steam and freezing methods are the most effective chemical-free options, but these come at a premium cost. However, both methods are often a good investment due to their high rate of success from a single treatment.

Treatment TypeAverage Cost
Bed Bug Heat Treatment$1 - $3 per square foot
Bed Bug Fumigation$4 - $7.50 per square foot
Steam Treatments$250 – $1,000 per room
Chemicals & Pesticides$100 - $500 per room
Freezing$500 – $700 per room

Infestation Size

A moderate infestation will cost $200 to $300 per room to treat, while a severe infestation will cost $300 to $400 per room or between $4,000 and $6,000 for a whole-home treatment. The denser the infestation, the more labor and product you’ll need to wipe out the bed bugs.

Number of Treatments

If an infestation requires multiple visits to eradicate, pros may charge a flat rate for monthly, semi-monthly, or quarterly treatments. Frequent treatments cost more per year but they usually have a price break per visit.

Frequency of Visits Average Cost per Year
Monthly $5,000 – $7,500
Semi-Monthly $5,500 – $8,500
Quarterly $1,800 – $2,500

Professional Exterminator Company Cost Estimates 

Most exterminators offer competitive pricing. However, it’s helpful to get multiple quotes and compare costs before you hire.

BrandAverage Service RatesService Guarantee
Orkin$400 - $3,00030 day
Terminix$500 - $2,00030 – 90 days
Ehrlich$650 - $3,00030 day
Arrow$500 - $2,80030 day
ThermaPure$2,000 - $4,000100% effective

DIY Bed Bug Removal Vs. Hiring a Pro

DIY methods for bed bug extermination typically cost less than professional treatment, but these options are risky. There is a lot of planning, research, and evaluation necessary to determine the best approach—all of which are difficult to pull off with an untrained eye. If unsuccessful, you could end up with a worse infestation than before. 

DIY Costs

DIY bed bug extermination kits are available for between $50 and $200. You can also buy a steamer to steam-treat for about $30 to $400. The lower price point buys a handheld unit while a more efficient heavy-duty steamer will cost $150 to $400. You can also use diatomaceous earth, which is a non-toxic dust, and that typically costs $10 for 2 pounds and $25 for 10 pounds.

Signs of Bed Bugs

There are a few different ways to self-diagnose a bed bug infestation in your home. The bugs are oval-shaped and around ¼ of an inch long, with brown or reddish-brown bodies. However, they typically hide and are difficult to spot, so look for these signs:

  • Clusters of small, red bites that give a burning, itching sensation

  • Rust-colored spots on the mattress

  • Blood stains on the bed sheets

  • Musty, berry-like odor

Prevent Bed Bugs

You can take many precautions to keep bed bugs from invading your bed and your home. Here’s what you can do:

  • Wash your clothes in hot water after traveling.

  • Keep your luggage away from hotel mattresses and floors when traveling.

  • Wash secondhand clothing immediately. 

  • Inspect and disinfect used items before you bring them inside, especially furniture.

  • Seal up any possible through-ways, such as cracks in the walls and gaps under doors.

  • Vacuum often.

  • Protect your mattress with a special mattress cover.

  • Keep an eye out for rust-colored spots.

  • Reduce clutter around your home.

  • Check pets and pet accessories for warning signs of bed bugs.

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FAQs

Do bed bug foggers work?

Fogger bombs are mostly ineffective at handling a bed bug infestation independantly because they can only reach exposed bugs. Bed bugs hiding within the mattress or in crevices around the room will likely survive a fogger.  

How quickly do bed bugs spread?

Bed bugs can travel at a rate of three to four feet per minute on nearly any surface. They can spread throughout your home very quickly, so it’s important to call a professional exterminator as you as you locate an infestation. 

What do most professionals use to exterminate bed bugs?

The most common professional treatments are pyrethrins and pyrethroids. Pyrethrins are plant-based insecticides derived from chrysanthemum flowers. Pyrethroids are synthetic and made to act in the same way as pyrethrins to eliminate bed bugs.

Do bed bugs pose a health risk?

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), bed bugs haven’t shown signs of transmitting disease. However, they’re still a public health pest with a variety of physical effects, including:

  • Allergic reactions, as severe as anaphylaxis in rare cases

  • Secondary infections on the skin from bite wounds

  • Mental health impacts such as anxiety and insomnia 

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