How Much Do Bedbug Exterminators Cost in 2022?

Typical Range:

$300 - $5,000

Find out how much your project will cost.

Cost data is based on research by HomeAdvisor.

Updated January 23, 2023

Written by HomeAdvisor.

Bedbug treatment costs $1,750 on average. The level of infestation, the size of the space, and the type of treatment will all affect the price. You could pay as low as $300 for a small problem and as much as $5,000 to clear a large house of a serious infestation.

Bedbugs are a problem that you can't ignore. They spread rapidly, can be tough to get rid of once the infestation takes hold, and can cause health problems. It's crucial to take action as soon as you notice a problem to stop the bugs from spreading and to keep your home healthy and free of pests.

Average Bedbug Extermination Cost

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Bedbug Treatment Costs by Type

5 types of bedbug treatments, including heat, fumigation, and freezing

The type of bedbug treatment has a major impact on prices. Chemical and pesticide treatments are some of the most affordable and effective options, but they’re also the harshest. Heat treatment is chemical-free, but it may leave behind surviving eggs and insects, resulting in the need for additional treatments.

Steam and freezing methods are the most effective chemical-free options, but these come at a premium cost. However, both methods are often a good investment due to their high success rate from a single treatment.

Bedbug Treatment TypeAverage Cost Range per Sq. Ft.
Bedbug heat treatment$1 – $3
Bedbug fumigation$4 – $7.50
Steam treatment$2 – $7.50
Chemicals and pesticides$2.50 – $4.50
Freezing$3 – $6

Bedbug Heat Treatment Cost

Heat treatment is a low-cost, reasonably effective method of eliminating bedbugs at around $1 to $3 per square foot or $100 to $500 per room. The spaces in your home with bedbugs are heated to up to 145 degrees Fahrenheit with hot air, which kill bedbugs and their eggs. The hot air circulates with powerful fans for around an hour when you’re not home. 

This treatment option is effective and doesn't use chemicals, but it can damage items sensitive to high temperatures, so you need to move anything susceptible to damage. Additionally, while heat treatment kills the bedbugs and already present eggs, it doesn't prevent reinfestation. 


Fumigation costs between $4 and $7.50 per square foot or roughly $500 to $1,000 per room. Fumigation involves the application of pesticides, so you have to stay out of your home during treatment until the chemical residue reaches a safe level. This can vary from a few days to a week, depending on the severity of the infestation and the chemicals used to fight it. 

With fumigation, your whole home is tented or sealed off and chemicals are pumped inside. This is a very effective treatment as the gas can reach into tiny cracks and areas you may otherwise miss. However, it doesn't prevent reinfestation, and the chemicals used are potent and dangerous, known for giving off volatile organic compounds (VOCs) that can cause long-term health problems.

Steam Treatment

At a cost of approximately $2 to $7.50 per square foot, steam treatment costs between $250 and $1,000 per room. Steam treatment kills bedbugs faster than heat treatment and uses no chemicals, just super-heated water vapor. The steam reaches 200 degrees Fahrenheit or higher and rapidly kills pests. However, it usually takes several passes to let the steam fully penetrate soft surfaces and kill every bug and egg in its path. Note that the temperature and moisture can damage heat- and water-sensitive items like electronics and wood. 

A steam treatment is only suitable for small areas, but it effectively penetrates soft things like mattresses and eradicates bedbugs and their eggs, so it's a great choice for the early stages of an infestation.

Chemicals and Pesticides

Treating bedbugs with chemicals costs between $2.50 and $4.50 per square foot or between $200 and $600 per room

You can choose from natural pesticides and chemical ones. Pyrethrins are six naturally occurring substances from chrysanthemums that are poisonous to insects, including bedbugs. Diatomaceous earth is fine fossilized diatoms and is an example of a desiccant that attaches to the exoskeleton of the bugs and the outer layer of their eggs, drying them out. 

Synthetic options include pyrethroids, pyrroles, neonicotinoids, and insect growth regulators. Each chemical acts in a different way. Desiccants dry out the bugs, killing them from the outside in. Some prevent reproduction and egg growth. Others act as contact poisons, while others perform at a cellular level. 


Freezing bedbugs costs between $3 and $6 per square foot or $400 to $800 per room. Bedbugs are temperature-sensitive and can't tolerate high or low extremes. So, pest control pros near you pump in dry ice "snow" that's extremely cold and kills the bedbugs and their eggs on contact. However, the bedbugs sometimes get blown away by the force of the snow's entry. Plus, the dry ice doesn't penetrate dense, soft surfaces like mattresses very effectively, so it takes an experienced pro to make this method work well. 

However, it's a great chemical-free choice for homes with many immovable objects sensitive to heat.

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Bedbug Treatment Cost Factors

Several elements play into your bedbug extermination bill. These include home size, location, treatment method, and more. Here are the main factors that can affect your final cost.

Home Size

Professional bedbug exterminators near you charge by the room, square footage, or a flat fee. Home size can significantly impact the price, particularly for bedbug heat treatment costs and other methods that require filling an entire space.

House or Apartment SizeAverage Cost Range per Visit
Studio or 1 bedroom$300 – $900
2 – 3 bedrooms$400 – $1,200
3 – 4+ bedrooms$800 – $2,500

Geographic Location

People living in cities with more rampant infestations could pay up to three times more than those in less-prone areas. In areas with higher demand, local pest control companies will charge more for their services. The cost of living can also impact what companies in your area charge.

Some U.S. cities with higher extermination rates include the following:

  • Baltimore

  • Chicago

  • Cincinnati

  • Detroit

  • District of Columbia

  • Houston

  • Indianapolis

  • Los Angeles

  • New York City

  • Philadelphia

  • Raleigh, North Carolina

  • San Diego

  • San Francisco

Inspections or Sniffing Dogs

Some exterminators offer free inspections, especially for new customers. Others may charge around $65 to $200 for a visual inspection. If you hire that company for extermination services, they may remove the inspection fee from your treatment bill.

Aside from visual inspections, some exterminators also employ trained dogs to sniff out the rotten berry-like odor of bedbugs. This service ranges from $300 to $600 for an average-size home. Hotels and other large buildings will run closer to $900 to $1,200. These expert-trained dogs detect infestations and often have higher accuracy than humans. 

Infestation Size

A moderate infestation size will cost around $200 to $300 per room to treat, while a severe infestation will cost $300 to $400 per room or between $4,000 and $6,000 for a whole-home treatment. The denser the infestation, the more labor and product you’ll need to wipe out the bedbugs.

Number of Treatments

If an infestation requires multiple visits to eradicate, pros may charge a flat rate for monthly, semi-monthly, or quarterly treatments. Frequent treatments cost more per year, but they usually have a price break per visit.

Frequency of VisitsAverage Cost Range per Year
Monthly$5,000 – $7,500
Semi-monthly$5,500 – $8,500
Quarterly$1,800 – $2,500

Professional Exterminator Company Cost Estimates 

Most exterminators offer competitive pricing. However, getting multiple quotes and comparing costs is helpful before hiring.

Exterminator BrandAverage Cost Range for ServicesService Guarantee
Arrow Exterminators$500 – $2,80030 days
Ehrlich Pest Control$650 – $3,00030 days
Orkin$400 – $3,00030 days
Terminix$500 – $2,00030 – 90 days
ThermaPure$2,000 – $4,000100% effectiveness

DIY Bedbug Removal Vs. Hiring a Pro

DIY methods for bedbug extermination typically cost less than professional treatment, but these options are risky. There's a lot of planning, research, and evaluation necessary to determine the best approach, all of which take a lot of work to pull off with an untrained eye. If unsuccessful, you could end up with a worse infestation than before. 

DIY Bedbug Treatment Costs

DIY bedbug extermination kits are available for between $50 and $200. You can also buy a steamer to steam-treat for about $30 to $400. The lower price point buys a handheld unit, while a more efficient heavy-duty steamer will cost approximately $150 to $400. You can also use diatomaceous earth, a nontoxic dust that typically costs around $10 for 2 pounds and $25 for 10 pounds.

Signs of Bedbugs

There are several ways to self-diagnose a bedbug infestation in your home. The bugs are oval-shaped and around a quarter-inch long, with brown or reddish-brown bodies. However, they typically hide and are difficult to spot, so look for these signs:

  • Clusters of small red bites that give a burning, itching sensation

  • Rust-colored spots on the mattress

  • Blood stains on the bedsheets

  • Musty, berry-like odor

How to Prevent Bedbugs

You can take many precautions to keep bedbugs from invading your bed and your home. Here’s what you can do:

  • Wash your clothes in hot water after traveling.

  • Keep your luggage away from hotel mattresses and floors when traveling.

  • Wash secondhand clothing immediately. 

  • Inspect and disinfect used items before you bring them inside, especially furniture.

  • Seal up any possible thruways, such as cracks in the walls and gaps under doors.

  • Vacuum often.

  • Protect your mattress with a special mattress cover.

  • Keep an eye out for rust-colored spots.

  • Reduce clutter around your home.

  • Check pets and pet accessories for warning signs of bedbugs.

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Do bedbug foggers work?

Fogger bombs are mostly ineffective at handling a bedbug infestation because they can only reach exposed bugs. Bedbugs tend to hide within the mattress or in crevices around the room and will likely survive a fogger. Instead, steam and freezing methods are the most effective chemical-free options and have a high success rate from a single treatment. There are also chemical treatments that are affordable and effective.

How quickly do bedbugs spread?

Bedbugs can spread quickly since they can travel at a rate of 3 to 4 feet per minute on nearly any surface. It’s important to call a professional exterminator as soon as you find a bedbug infestation before a minor nuisance becomes a severe infestation.

What do most professionals use to exterminate bedbugs?

The most common professional treatments are pyrethrins and pyrethroids. Pyrethrins are plant-based insecticides derived from chrysanthemum flowers. Pyrethroids are synthetic and made to act in the same way as pyrethrins to eliminate bedbugs.

Do bedbugs pose a health risk?

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA), bedbugs haven’t shown signs of transmitting disease. However, they’re still a public health pest with a variety of physical effects, including the following:

  • Allergic reactions, including anaphylaxis in rare cases

  • Secondary infections on the skin from bite wounds

  • Mental health impacts such as anxiety and insomnia